The word “potato” may refer either to the plant itself or alcohol from potatoes and agricultural waste pdf the edible tuber. Potatoes were introduced to Europe in the second half of the 16th century by the Spanish. The green leaves and green skins of tubers exposed to the light are toxic.
Chile, which have displaced formerly popular varieties from the Andes. However, the local importance of the potato is variable and changing rapidly. Virginia potatoes” for this species, and referred to sweet potatoes as “common potatoes”. Potatoes are occasionally referred to as “Irish potatoes” or “white potatoes” in the United States, to distinguish them from sweet potatoes. Spanish “espada”, English “spade” and “spadroon”.
It subsequently transferred over to a variety of digging tools. Around 1845, the name transferred to the tuber itself. Pei writes, “the potato, for its part, was in disrepute some centuries ago. Some Englishmen who did not fancy potatoes formed a Society for the Prevention of Unwholesome Diet.
The initials of the main words in this title gave rise to spud. Society for the Prevention of Unwholesome Diet ever existed. In general, the tubers of varieties with white flowers have white skins, while those of varieties with colored flowers tend to have pinkish skins. Tubers form in response to decreasing day length, although this tendency has been minimized in commercial varieties.
All new potato varieties are grown from seeds, also called “true potato seed”, “TPS” or “botanical seed” to distinguish it from seed tubers. Plants propagated from tubers are clones of the parent, whereas those propagated from seed produce a range of different varieties. There are about 5,000 potato varieties worldwide. Three thousand of them are found in the Andes alone, mainly in Peru, Bolivia, Ecuador, Chile, and Colombia. They belong to eight or nine species, depending on the taxonomic school.