Exercises with answers and grammar rules with examples. Defining relative clauses specify a noun or pronoun in the main clause and are necessary if we want to understand the meaning of a sentence. Defining and non defining relative clauses exercises with answers pdf saw the girl who was outside our house.
They wanted the picture that cost two pounds. If we omit them, it is not clear what girl or picture we are talking about. We do not write them with commas. The man who called you has just arrived. This is the book which I wanted. Are you the boy that lives next door?
Can you see the tree that has no leaves? We use it for persons. This is the girl whom I saw at the party. We can also leave out the pronoun. It is the most usual form. If the subject in the main clause is different from the subject in the defining relative clause, we normally leave out the pronoun. If the subjects in both parts of a sentence are the same, we cannot omit the pronoun, because it becomes the subject of the clause.
The driver who took you to school is from York. The pen that is on the desk is new. If we leave out the subject, it will not be clear what we mean. The driver took you to school is from York. This sentence does not make any sense.
It is a story about a boy whose parents got divorced. The river whose bridge is in front of us is called the Cam. We use the pronouns with prepositions as follows. The last sentence is not very common in spoken English as it is quite formal.
They must be written with commas. My father, who is 65 now, still works. His car, which cost nearly 20,000 pounds, is broken. The only effect is that there is less information in the sentences.
I gave it to Peter, who is my close friend. Ann, whom I admire, is not right in this case. Their garden, which is near here, looks beautiful. Pam, whose children go to school, is not so busy. Such sentences are quite formal and are typical of written English. In spoken English we prefer less formal structures. My father is 65 now and still works.