1912 during the First International Opium Conference, was the first international drug drug and alcohol policy pdf treaty. The Convention banned countries from treating addicts by prescribing illegal substances, allowing only scientific and medical uses of drugs.
It did not detail precise drug laws and was not itself binding on countries, which had to pass their own legislation in conformance with the principles of the Convention. Australian drug laws are criminal laws and mostly exist at the state and territory level, not the federal, and are therefore different, which means an analysis of trends and laws for Australia is complicated. The federal jurisdiction has enforcement powers over national borders. In October 2016, Australia legislated for some medicinal use cannabis.
Like Colombia, the Bolivian government signed onto the ATPA in 1991 and called for the forced eradication of the coca plant in the 1990s and early 2000s. In 2005, Bolivia saw another reformist movement. President Morales opposed the decriminalization of drugs but saw the coca crop as an important piece of indigenous history and a pillar of the community because of the traditional use of chewing coca leaves. In 2009, the Bolivian Constitution backed the legalization and industrialization of coca products.
Colombian drug lords were widely viewed as the root of the cocaine issue in America. In the 1990s, Colombia was home to the world’s two largest drug cartels: the Cali cartel and the Medellín cartel. It became Colombia’s priority, as well as the priority of the other countries in the Andean Region, to extinguish the cartels and drug trafficking from the region. Plan Colombia funded the Andean Region’s fight against the drug cartels and drug trafficking. With the implementation of Plan Colombia, the Colombian government aimed to destroy the coca crop. This prohibitionist regime has had controversial results, especially on human rights.