Relationship between sociology and anthropology pdf

Unsourced relationship between sociology and anthropology pdf may be challenged and removed. Interpersonal relationships are formed in the context of social, cultural and other influences. Interpersonal skills are vital when trying to develop a relationship with another person. Human beings are innately social and are shaped by their experiences with others.

There are multiple perspectives to understand this inherent motivation to interact with others. In fact, the need to belong is so innately ingrained that it may be strong enough to overcome physiological and safety needs, such as children’s attachment to abusive parents or staying in abusive romantic relationships. Such examples illustrate the extent to which the psychobiological drive to belong is entrenched. Another way to appreciate the importance of relationships is in terms of a reward framework. This perspective suggests that individuals engage in relations that are rewarding in both tangible and intangible ways. Individuals seek out rewards in interactions with others and are willing to pay a cost for said rewards. In the best-case scenario, rewards will exceed costs, producing a net gain.

This can lead to “shopping around” or constantly comparing alternatives to maximize the benefits or rewards while minimizing costs. The relational self is the part of an individual’s self-concept that consists of the feelings and beliefs that one has regarding oneself that develops based on interactions with others. In other words, one’s emotions and behaviors are shaped by prior relationships. Thus, relational self theory posits that prior and existing relationships influence one’s emotions and behaviors in interactions with new individuals, particularly those individuals that remind him or her of others in his or her life. When two parties have or assert unequal levels of power, one is termed “dominant” and the other “submissive”. Being submissive can be beneficial because it saves time, emotional stress, and may avoid hostile actions such as withholding of resources, cessation of cooperation, termination of the relationship, maintaining a grudge, or even physical violence.