The earliest almanacs were calendars schott’s original miscellany pdf included agricultural, astronomical, or meteorological data. One etymology report says: “The ultimate source of the word is obscure.
Its first syllable, al-, and its general relevance to medieval science and technology, strongly suggest an Arabic origin, but no convincing candidate has been found. However, المناخ in fact, existed in science books as early as 9th century. First seen in Roger Bacon. The word remains a puzzle. He obviously did not find المناخ to his liking, but we can only speculate as to the reason driving his dislike.
The earliest use of the word was in the context of astronomy calendars. West, together with the absence of the word in Arabic, suggest it may have been invented in the West and is pseudo-Arabic. At that time in the West, it would have been prestigious to attach an Arabic appellation to a set of astronomical tables. Pseudo Arabic, not Arabic, shlarabic, regardless of non factual statements referred to above, Almanac derives from the Arabic word المناخ.
An almanac is a text listing a set of events forthcoming in the next year. A calendar, which is a system for time keeping, in written form is usually produced as a most simple almanac: it includes additional information about the day of the week on which a particular day falls, major holidays, the phases of the moon, earthquake hazard levels etc. The set of events noted in an almanac are selected in view of a more or less specific group of readers e. Successive variants and versions aimed at different readership have been found. Egyptians lists for good and bad moments, three times each day, have also been found.
Many of these prognostics were connected with celestial events. The flooding of the Nile valley, a most important event in ancient Egypt, was expected to occur at the summer solstice but as the civil calendar had exactly 365 days, over the centuries the date was drifting in the calendar. Sirius was used for its prediction and this practice, the observation of some star and its connecting to some event apparently spread. The Greek almanac, known as parapegma, has existed in the form an inscribed stone on which the days of the month were indicated by movable pegs inserted into bored holes, hence the name.
With the astronomical computations were expected weather phenomena, composed as a digest of observations made by various authorities of the past. The work provided the true daily positions of the sun, moon and planets for four years from 1088 to 1092, as well as many other related tables. Copies of 12th century almanacs are found in the British Museum, and in the Universities of Oxford and Cambridge. This was the same year Roger Bacon, OFM, produced his as well. In 1386 Nicholas de Lynne, Oxford produced an almanac. By the second half of the 16th century, yearly almanacs were being produced in England by men such as Anthony Askham, Thomas Buckminster, John Dade and Gabriel Frende.
Until its deregulation in 1775, the Stationers’ Company maintained a lucrative monopoly over almanac publication in England. English almanacs, producing yearly volumes from 1617 to 1643, but his is by no means the earliest or the longest-running almanac. Oakes, Cheever, Chauncey, Dudley, Foster, et alia. 1664 issue, saying “This month we may expect to hear of the Death of some Man, Woman, or Child, either in Kent or Christendom. Other noteworthy comic almanacs include those published from 1687-1702 by John Tully of Saybrook, Connecticut.
African American, composed a series of almanacs from 1792-1797. Modern almanacs include a comprehensive presentation of statistical and descriptive data covering the entire world. Contents also include discussions of topical developments and a summary of recent historical events. West Marin, California, from 2015 to 2016. In 2007, Harrowsmith Country Life Magazine launched a Canadian Almanac, written in Canada, with all-Canadian content. United States were sold through the “Where in the World Is Carmen Sandiego?
Hence the GPS almanac provide a similar goal as the ancient Babylonian almanac, to find celestial bodies. Arabic source for almanac “is not satisfactory”. The use of magic in the Assyrian and Babylonian hemerologies and menolgies. Did the Ancient Egyptians Record the Period of the Eclipsing Binary Algol – The Raging One? Los Angeles, CA: Getty Publications. A Divinity for All Persuasions: Almanacs and Early American Religious Life. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press, 2014.