Those involved can include parties such successful college writing mcwhorter pdf linguists, cultural or community groups, or governments. 2000 languages have already become extinct. The UN estimates that more than half of the languages spoken today have fewer than 10,000 speakers and that a quarter have fewer than 1,000 speakers and that, unless there are some efforts to maintain them, over the next hundred years most of these will become extinct. These figures are often cited as reasons why language revitalization is necessary to preserve linguistic diversity.
Culture and identity are also frequently cited reasons for language revitalization, when a language is perceived as a unique “cultural treasure. A community often sees language as a unique part of their culture, connecting them with their ancestors or with the land, making up an essential part of their history and self-image. In this field, linguists attempt to create full records of a language’s grammar, vocabulary, and linguistic features. This practice can often lead to more concern for the revitalization of a specific language on study. Furthermore, the task of documentation is often taken on with the goal of revitalization in mind.
This helps involved parties find the best way to assist or revive the language. There are many different theories or models that attempt to lay out a plan for language revitalization. Efforts should be concentrated on the earlier stages of restoration until they have been consolidated before proceeding to the later stages. Where the state permits it, and where numbers warrant, encourage the use of the language in compulsory state education. Where the above stages have been achieved and consolidated, encourage the use of the language in local government services and mass media. Where the above stages have been achieved and consolidated, encourage use of the language in higher education, government, etc.