However, the specific nature of situations under consideration may limit the ability to transfer such practices from one organization to another. Management consulting is not a regulated profession so many individuals that style themselves as management consultants are not CMC’s. There is no legal requirement for management consultants to have any qualifications. 1886 as vault career guide to consulting pdf partnership, and later incorporated in 1909.
Little later became a general management consultancy, it originally specialised in technical research. 1893 opened an independent consulting practice in Philadelphia. Systematizing Shop Management and Manufacturing Costs a Specialty”. By inventing Scientific Management, also known as Taylor’s method, Frederick Winslow Taylor invented the first method of organizing work, spawning the careers of many more management consultants. 1930s, and was driven by demand for advice on finance, strategy, and organization.
From the 1950s onwards consultancies not only expanded their activities considerably in the United States but also opened offices in Europe and later in Asia and South America. After World War II, a number of new management consulting firms formed, bringing a rigorous analytical approach to the study of management and strategy. In 1980 there were only five consulting firms with more than 1,000 consultants worldwide, whereas by the 1990s there were more than thirty firms of this size. An earlier wave of growth in the early 1980s was driven by demand for strategy and organization consultancies. The wave of growth in the 1990s was driven by both strategy and information technology advice. In the second half of the 1980s the big accounting firms entered the IT consulting segment. By the mid-1990s these firms had outgrown those service providers focusing on corporate strategy and organization.
While three of the Big Four legally divided the different service lines after the Enron scandals and the ensuing breakdown of Arthur Andersen, they are now back in the consulting business. The industry stagnated in 2001 before recovering after 2003, with a current trend towards a clearer segmentation of management consulting firms. The functions of consulting services are commonly broken down into eight task categories. Consultants can function as bridges for information and knowledge, and that external consultants can provide these bridging services more economically than client firms themselves. Consultants have specialised skills on tasks that would involve high internal coordination costs for clients, such as organization-wide changes or the implementation of information technology. In general, various approaches to consulting can be thought of as lying somewhere along a continuum, with an ‘expert’ or prescriptive approach at one end, and a facilitative approach at the other.